Publications

Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals

IN PREPARATION:

Stickland, T, & Saari, M.J. Sensitivity to Issoflurane Anesthesia in Ten Day Old Rats: A Paradoxical Effect? Nature Neuroscience, in preparation.

Dalzell, L., Connor, S., Saari, M.J., LeBoutillier, J.C., and Weeks, A.C.W. (2005) Fear conditioning is associated with synaptogenesis in the lateral amygdala. Nature Neuroscience, in preparation.

Stickland, T.E., Sweeney, M., Weeks, A., & Saari, M.J. Regional Cerebral   Metabolism During Isoflurane Anesthesia In Rats.

Saari, M., Stickland, T., Sweeney, M. & Sauro, K. Long lasting changes in regional brain metabolism and acetylcholinesterase density associated with the latent learning paradigm in rats housed in enriched or isolated environments.

Sauro, K.M., Sweeney, M. & Saari, M.J. Enriched Housing, Reticular Thalamic Nucleus And Nucleus Basalis: Mediators Of Attention And Learning?

 

UNDER REVIEW:

Saari, M. Consciousness as the neural monist views it. Canadian Psychology.

Saari, M.J., Stickland, T, & MacIntosh S. Sensitivity to Issoflurane Anesthesia in Ten Day Old Rats: A Paradoxical Effect? Canadian Journal of Psychology.

Dalzell, L.1, Connor, S.1, Penner, M.1, Saari, M.J.1, LeBoutillier, J.C.2, and Weeks, A.C.W. Fear conditioning is associated with synaptogenesis in the lateral amygdale.

PUBLISHED: 

Dalzell, L., Connor, S., Penner, M., Saari, M.J., LeBoutillier, J.C., and Weeks, A.C.W. (2011) Fear conditioning is associated with synaptogenesis in the lateral amygdale. Synapse, 65, 513–519.

Boyer, M., Rees, S., Quinn, J., Grattan-Miscio, K., McCallum, M. & Saari, M.J. (2003). Caffeine as a performance enhancing drug: gender, dose, housing and task considerations. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 97, 259-270.

Nobrega, J.N., Saari, M.J., Armstrong, J., & Reed, T. (1992). Neonatal 6-OHDA and enriched rearing conditions: Effects on regional brain 14-C-2-deoxyglucose uptake are critically dependent on arousal at test time, Developmental Psychobiology, 25(3), 183-198.

Fisher, K.N., Saari, M.J., Turner, R.A., Pineault, G. & Kleim, J. (1991). The post-weaning housing environment determines expression of learning deficit associated with neonatal monosodium glutamate (MSG). Neurotoxicology & Teratology, 13, 507-513.

Saari, M.J., Armstrong, J.N., Nobrega, J.N., Pappas, B.A. & Coscina, D.V. (1990) Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine alters the behaviour of Enriched / Impoverished rats in a novel test environment. Behavioral Neuroscience, 104, 430-437.

Saari, M.J., Fong, S., Shivji, A., & Armstrong, J. (1990). Enriched housing masks deficits in place navigation induced by neonatal monosodium glutamate. Neurotoxicology & Teratology, 12, 29-32.

Saltstone, R., Saari, M.J., Stange, K., & Walsh, S. The gay party question of the Eysenck Personality Inventory: An example of the effects of item alteration on direction and latency of response. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1989, 69, 735-738.

Pappas B.A., Saari M., Smythe J., Murtha S., Stange K. & Ings R. Forebrain norepinephrine and neurobehavioural plasticity: Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine eliminates enriched-impoverished experience effects on maze performance. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behaviour, 1987, 27, 153-158.

Roadhouse, S., Saari, M.J., Roadhouse, D. & Pappas, B.A. Behavioural and biochemical correlates of hatchery rearing methods on Lake Trout (Salvelinus Namaycush). Progressive Fish-Culturist, 1986, 46, 38-42.

O’Shea, L., Saari, M., Pappas, B.A., Ings, R. & Stange, K. Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine attenuates the neural and behavioural effects of enriched rearing in the rat. European J. of Pharmacology,  1983, 92, 43-47.

McIntyre, M., Graham, I. & Saari, M. Anxiety and satisfaction in working and non-working women in a northern Ontario community. Laurentian Journal, 1982, Vol. XIV, 2, 54-60.

Pappas, B.A., Gallivan, J., Dugas, T., Saari, M.J. & Ings, R. Intraventricular 6-hydroxydopamine in the newborn rat and locomotor responses to drugs in infancy; no support for the dopamine depletion model of Minimal Brain Dysfunction. Psychopharmacology, 1980, 70, 41-46.

McIntyreD.C., Healy L.M. & Saari M.J. Intraspecies aggression and monoamine levels in rainbow trout (Salmo Gairdneri) Fingerlings. Behavioural and Neural Biology, 1979, 25, 90-98.

McIntyre D.D., Saari, M.J. & Pappas, B.A. Potentiation of Amygdala Kindling in adult or infant rats by injections of 6-hydroxydopamine. Experimental Neurology, 1979, 63, 527-544.

Saari M.J. & Pappas B.A. Behavioural effects of neonatal systemic 6- hydroxydopamine. Neuropharmacology, 1978, 17, 863-871.

Saari M.J., Ings R. & Pappas B.A. Ontogeny of the post-decapitation convulsion in the rat: Effects of neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine. Neuropharmacology, 1978, 17, 873-877.

Pappas B.A. Saari M.J. Peters D.A.V. Roberts C.S. & Fibiger H.C. Neonatal systemic 6-OH and Dorsal Tegmental Bundle lesions: Comparison of effects on CNS Ne and the post-decapitation reflex. Brain Research, 1978, 155, 205-208.

Peters D.A.V., Pappas B.A., Taub H. & Saari M.J. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity in brain regions after intraventricular 6-hydroxydopamine  in the neonatal rat. Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology, 1978, 21, 161-165.

Peters D.A.V., Pappas B.A., Taub H., & Saari M.J. Effect of  intraventricular injections of 6-hydroxydopamine in neonatal rats on the catecholamine levels and tyrosine hydroxylase activity in brain regions at maturity. Biochemical Pharmacology, 1977, 26, 2211-2216.

Pappas, B.A., Saari, M.J. & Peters, D.A.V. Regional brain catecholamine levels after intraventricular 6-hydroxydopamine in the neonatal rat. Research Communication in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology, 1976, 14, 751-754.

Saari, M.J. & Pappas, B.A. Cardiac cycle phase and movement and reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1976, 42, 767-770.

Pappas, B.A., Ferguson, H.B. & Saari, M.J. Minimal brain dysfunction: Dopamine depletion? Science, 1976, 194, 451-452.

Pappas B.A., Peters D.A.V., Saari M.J., Sobrian S.K. & Minch E. Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine sympathectomy in normotensive and  spontaneously hypertensive rats. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behaviour, 1974, 2, 381-386.

Saari, M.J., & Pappas, B.A. Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine sympathectomy reduces foot-shock induced suppression of licking in normal and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Nature (New Biology), 1973, 266, 136-139.

 

Invited Talks      

Saari, M.J. & Stickland, T. (2003). Classical conditioning under isoflurane anesthesia: modulation by cholinergic manipulations? Invited Address, Department of Psychology, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, November 28, 2003.

Saari, M.J. (2004). Neuroscience Research At Nipissing University: A 25 Year Retrospective. VP’s Research Luncheon Series, December 09, 2004, Nipissing University. 

Saari, M.J. (2007). Neuroscience as the behaviourist views it. Thirty years of neuroscience at Nipissing, July 26, 2007, Nipissing University

MacIntosh, S., Stillar, A., Csuzdi, N., Bloomfield, J. & Saari, M. J.  (2007). Age-dependent sensitivity to isoflurane is eliminated by muscimol and clonidine. Thirty years of neuroscience at Nipissing, July 26, 2007, Nipissing University

Refereed Conference Presentations

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES (Published Abstracts):

Warren, S.M.M., Saari, M.J. & Nicol, J.  The Influence of Locus of Control on Bistable Perception. Poster Session VIII – Board: VIII- 054, 24th Chicago, Annual Meeting of the Association For Psychological Science, May, 2012. Online.

Mountain N., Stillar, A., Weeks, A.C.W. & Saari, M.J. Water volume and fissioning in planaria (dugesia dorotocephala). Program No. 944.18. Washington, Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.

Weeks A.C., Enaohwo, O., Henderson, Y., Parr, A., Goodwin, S., Stillar, A., & Saari, M.J. Synaptic changes in the medial preoptic area following the onset of maternal behaviour in the rat. Program No. 728.10. Washington, Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.

Steel, R., Seary, C. Parr, A., Stillar, A.D. & Saari, M. Antalarmin reduces anxiety in the elevated plus maze but not latency to immobility in the forced swim task. Program No. 364.2. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2010. Online.

Saari, M.J., Deluca, P., Van Rooij, J. & STILLAR, A. The lonely worm: Isolated versus group housed planarians. Program No. 513.7. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2010. Online.

Csuzdi, N., Stillar, B., Stillar, A. D. Van Der Waal, S. & Saari,M. J. Housing environment, behaviour, and the dorasal and ventral hippocampus. Society For Neuroscience, Chicago, 2009, Online.

Langan, C., Henderson, Y., Parr, A., Stillar, A. & Saari, M.J. Paradoxical PND10 sensitivity to isoflurane and neonatal 6-OHDA or 5,7DHT on anesthesia onset. Society For Neuroscience, Chicago, 2009, Online.

WeeksA.C., Bloomfield, J., Henderson,Y. Mahedo, C., Leboutillier, J. C. & Saari, M. J.  Synaptic ultrastructural plasticity following the onset of maternal behavior. Society For Neuroscience, Chicago, 2009, Online.

Saari, M.J. The undergraduate and neural monism: A teaching challenge. Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Laronde, A., Williams, P., Csuzdi, N., Stillar, A., Kolb, B., Saari. M.J. Cytochrome oxidase cytochemistry in motor areas of the developing rat. Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

LANGAN, C.J., Henderson, Y., MacIntosh, S., Stillar, A., Csuzdi, N., Saari. M.J.  Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine alters response to isoflurane anaesthetic at PND 5 in Wistar pups. Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

LANGAN, C.J., Borody, W., Saari. M.J. Aristotle’s theory of psyche: early western neurological thought. Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Bloomfield, J., Nickerson, P., Stillar, A., LANGAN, C.J., Saari. M.J., Weeks, A.C. Synaptic plasticity associated with maternal behavior: A confocal microscopy study of the medial preoptic area. Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Weeks, A.C., Bloomfield, J., Edwards, J., Thomas, W., Mahadeo, C., Henderson, Y., Leboutillier, J.C., SAARi, M.J. Synaptic ultrastructural plasticity in the amgydala following the onset of maternal behaviour. Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Macintosh, S., Stillar, A., Csuzdi, N., Bloomfield, J. & *M. J. Saari Age-dependent sensitivity to isoflurane: muscimol and clonidine. Program No. 318.8, Abstracts on Line. San Diego, California: Society for Neuroscience, 2007. Online.

Saari, M.J. Patey, A. Donnelly, M. Birdsall, A. & Penner, M. Brief neonatal isolation alters the anesthetic effect of isoflurane in neonatal rats. Program No. 369.9, Abstracts on Line. Atlanta, Georgia: Society for Neuroscience, 2006. Online.

Penner M., Baldwin C., Patey A.M., & Saari, M.J. Glutamatergic and , cholinergic modulation of the effect of isoflurane anesthesia on the rat. Program No. 272.11. 2005 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004. Online.

Stickland, T. & Saari, M.J. Sensitivity to Isoflurane is a Function of Developmental Stage in Rats: Possible Implications for Neural Correlates of Consciousness. Toward a Science of Consciousness 2004, Tucson, Arizona, April, 2004.

Saari, M.J., Stickland, T., Saari, R., & Fonteine, P. Alteration of Consciousness by Isoflurane Anaesthesia May be Mediated by Discrete Neural Pathways. Toward a Science of Consciousness 2004, Tucson, Arizona, April, 2004. Online http://consciousness.arizona.edu/conference/tucson2004/index.php?page=schedule.

Stickland, T.E., Penner, M., De Silva, O., Fior, M., & Saari, M.J. Pavlovian differential conditioning under isoflurane anesthesia: more evidence. Program No. 1006.3. 2004 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004. Online.

Dalzell, L.D., Penner, M., Stickland, T.E., Saari, M.J. & Weeks, A.C.W. An examination of the interaction of fear conditioning and environmental enrichment on several behavioral and histological measures. Program No. 206.13. 2004 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004. Online.

Stickland, T. E., Weckwerth, A. C., Fior, M. N. & Saari, M. J.  (2003).  Cholinergic modulation of Pavlovian differential conditioning in isofluane anesthetized rats.  Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.

Saari, M. J., Stickland, T. E., Jackson, K. M. & Weeks, A. C.  (2003).  Pavlovian discrimination learning is possible under isoflurane anesthesia.  Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, LA.

Hague, L., Robinson, K., Longlade, C., Sullivan, T. & Saari, M.J. (2002).  “Enriched” Housing Effects Are Not Modified By Piracetam Or Ginseng. Program No. 374.14. 2002 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience. Online.

Stickland, T.E., Sweeney, M., Weeks, A., & Saari, M.J. (2002). Regional Cerebral   Metabolism During Isoflurane Anesthesia In Rats. Program No. 880.1. 2002   Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience. Online.

Saari, M., Stickland, T., Sweeney, M. & Sauro, K. (2002). Long lasting changes in regional brain metabolism and acetylcholinesterase density associated with the latent learning paradigm in rats housed in enriched or isolated environments. Tucson 2002: Toward a Science of Consciousness Conference, Consciousness Research Abstracts, p. 156, Tucson, Arizona, April, 2002.

Sauro, K.M., Sweeney, M. & Saari, M.J. (2001). Enriched Housing, Reticular Thalamic Nucleus And Nucleus Basalis: Mediators Of Attention And Learning? 31th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, San Diego.

Westhead, C., Saari, R.K., Morrison, P., Williams, P.T. & Saari, M.J. (2000). Nucleus Basalis Magnocellularis And Enriched Housing: Partners In Neural Patterns Of Attention. 30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans.

Smith, S., Sauro, K. & Saari, M.J. (2000). Bilateral Lesion of the Rat Reticular Thalamic Nucleus and Housing Mediated Plasticity: Does the Thalamus Distribute Attention? Tucson 2000: Toward a Science of Consciousness Conference, Consciousness Research Abstracts, p. 94, Tucson, Arizona, April, 2000. (http://www.imprint.co.uk/Tucson2000/)

Westhead, C., Smith, S., Williams, P., Saari, R., & Saari, M.J. (1999). Enriched housing and brain cytochrome oxidase: Does enriched housing alter attentional mechanisms? 29th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Miami Beach.

Grattan, K., Campbell, M.E., Rees, S., Paradis, C., Westhead, C., & Saari, M. (1998) Enriched housing and regional brain cytochrome oxidase: A role for the thalamus in housing mediated plasticity? 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Los Angeles.

Marcella E. Campbell, S. Rees, Grattan, K., Quinn, J. and Saari, M.J.  (1997). Nootropic (PIRACETAM) Administration Alters Housing Mediated Neural And Behavioural Plasticity. Society of Neuroscience Abstracts, 227th Annual Meeting, New Orleans.

Osborne, M., Chadbourn, J., Campbell, M., Travis, D. & Saari, M. (1996). Chronic oral aniracetam does not modify behavioural or cortical plasticity associated with “enriched” housing. Society of Neuroscience Abstracts, 22(2), 1134.

Bambrick, T. & Saari, M. (1995). Co-administration of monosodium glutamate and monosodium aspartate following pretreatment with MK-801 hydrogen maleate in pre-weanling rats. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 21(2), 1587.

Milburn, B., Parks, J., Bambrick, T., Telford, R., Bannerman, D. & Saari, M.(1994). NMDA but not AMPA blockade reduces monosodium glutamate (MSG) induced damage in neonatal rats. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 20(2), 1722.

Weeks, A., Benevides, T., Rioux, S., McClenaghan, G., Frankham, P., Fairey,B., Milburn, B., Ridley, L., Bannerman, D., Telford, R.,Kish, S. & Saari, M. (1993). Some correlates of MK-801 toxicity when administered to preweanling rats. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 19(2), 1354.

Kleim, J., Saari, M., Kish, S., Ridley, L. and Fairey, B. (1992).  Systemic Neonatal NMDA administration results in behavioural deficits in the adult rat. Society for Neurocience Abstracts, 18(1), 441.

Saari, M. J. (1991). Teaching neuroscience in an undergraduate institution: a graduate model in an undergraduate institution. Society For Neuroscience Abstracts, 17(1), 202.10.

Kleim, J., Saari, M., Fisher, K., Turner, R., McIsaac, M., and Bowen, E. (1991). MK-801 prevents body and organ weight reductions in the adult rat resulting from neonatal administration of monosodium glutamate. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 17(1), 316.10.

Fisher, K., Turner, R., Pineault, G., Bowen, E., Chappell, C., & Saari, M.J.(1991). Comparison of effects of single and multiple perinatal monosodium glutamate injections on organs and water maze performance. Third IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience Abstracts, 3, 423.

Kleim, J., Bouchard, E., Saari, M., Chappell, C., Fisher, K., and Swanson, L.(1991). The effect of N.M.D.A  receptor blockade on spatial learning and organ weights in rats reared in enriched vs impoverished housing environments. Third IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience Abstracts, 3, 423.

Fisher, K., Chappell, C., Bowen, E., Turner, R., Kleim, J. and Saari, M. (1991). Neonatal NE depletion potentiates perinatal monosodium glutamate (M.S.G) toxicity. Third IBRO World Congress of  Neuroscience Abstracts, 3, 423.

Fisher, K., Turner, R., Kleim, J., Pineault, G. & Saari, M.J. (1990). Behavioral index of a “window of vulnerability” to peripheral monosodium glutamate. Society For Neuroscience Abstracts, 16(1), 197.

Saari, M.J., Fisher, K., Turner, R., Pineault, G. & Kleim, J. (1990). Behavioural deficits caused by perinatal glutamate are masked by enriched housing. International Symposium: Excitatory amino acid receptors in the brain; Functions and Disorders; Montreal Neurological Institute. Abstracts, p 2.

Fisher, K., Kleim, J., Lloyd, R. & Saari, M.J. (1989) Monosodium glutamate toxicity is masked by “enriched” housing environment. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 15, 770.

Saari, M.J., Buchwald, B., Fisher, K. & Kleim, J. (1989) Neonatal norepinephrine depletion and enriched housing: Handling method is important. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14, 1019.

Fong, S., Saari, M.J., Armstrong, J., & Shivji, A. (1988) Enriched rearing attenuates performance deficit induced by neonatal monosodium glutamate injections. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14, 885.

Nobrega, J.N., Saari, M.J., Armstrong, J., & Reed, T. (1988) Neonatal 6-OHDA and enriched rearing conditions: Effects on regional brain 14-C-2-deoxyglucose uptake are critically dependent on arousal at test time. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 14, 845.

Saari M.J., Armstrong J., Nobrega J., Chambers J. & Coscina D (1987). Neonatal forebrain norepinephrine depletion reduces the influence of the rearing environment on learning and social behaviour. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., Vol. 13, pg. 406.

Saari, M., Armstrong J., Murtha S., Haskins D. & Pappas B.A. (1986) Neonatal forebrain norepinephrine depletion reduces the influence of the rearing environment in the colony intruder test.  Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 12, 321.

Saari, M., Stange K. & Walsh S. (1986) Personality Test Results & Response Latencies. International Conference on Mental Health and Technology, Vancouver, B.C.

Saari, M.J., Murtha, S.J., Murray, D., Stange, K. & Pappas, B.A. (1985) Neonatal forebrain norepinephrine(NE) and rearing environment influence Lashley lll maze performance in rats. Dopamine(DA) depletion does not protect against isolation induced maze deficits. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., Vol. 11, pg. 532.

Pappas, B.A., Saari, M.J., Smythe, J., O’Shea, L., Murtha, S. & Stange, K. (1984) Neonatal forebrain norepinephrine loss eliminates rearing effects in the rat. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., Vol. 10, pg. 1174.

O’Shea, L., Saari, M., Pappas, B.A., Ings, R. & Stange, K. (1983) Neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine attenuates the neural and behavioural effects of enriched rearing in the rat. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., Vol. 9, pg. 558.

Pusztay, W., Pappas, B.A., Ings, R., & Saari, M.J. Paradoxical effects of diazepam in the neonatal rat. Society of Developmental Psychobiology, Atlanta, Georgia, 1979

Saari, M.J. & Pappas, B.A. (1976) Age related behavioural and neurochemical effects of 6-OHDA injections into newborn rats. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., Vol. 2, pg. 474.

Bower, A.C. & Saari, M.J. (1976) EMG biofeedback training with physically handicapped retarded adults. Fourth Congress of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Mental Deficiency, Washington, D.C.

 

NATIONAL CONFERENCES (Published Abstracts):

Csuzdi, N., Stillar, A., Laronde, A., MacIntosh, S., & Saari, M. Isolation increases social behaviour and decreases exploration. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Eighteenth Annual Meeting, London, Ontario. June 19, 2008.

Kimball, S., Bloomfield, J., Stillar, A., Langan, C., Saari, M. Taste aversion is acquired under isoflurane anesthesia. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Eighteenth Annual Meeting, London, Ontario. June 19, 2008.

Saari, M., Stickland, T., & Macintosh, S. Postnatal day ten and isoflurane: exploring a paradox. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Eighteenth Annual Meeting, London, Ontario. June 19, 2008.

MacIntosh, S., Csuzdi, N., Stillar, A., Birdsall, A., Donnelly, M., &
Saari. (2007). Sensitivity to isoflurane anaesthesia in ten day old rats: A paradoxical effect? Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Seventeenth Annual Meeting, Victoria, British Columbia. June 17, 2007.

Birdsall, A., Stillar, A., Csuzdi, N., Donnelly, M., & Saari. (2007). Neither lithium carbonate nor sodium fluoride alter enrichment effects in Wistar rats. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Seventeenth Annual Meeting, Victoria, British Columbia. June 15.

Bloomfield, J., Thomas, W., Stillar, A., Saari, M., & Weeks, A. (2007). Methodological Advances in the Process of Inducing Maternal Behaviour in Virgin Female Rats. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Seventeenth Annual Meeting, Victoria, British Columbia. June 16.

Baldwin, C., Penner, M., MacIntosh, S., Patey, A., & Saari, M. (2006) Differences In Dietary Glycine Do Not Alter Enriched Housing Effects. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Sixteenth Annual Meeting, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. June 23.

Birdsall, A., Donnelly, M., Bloomfield, J., Patey, A. & Saari, M. (2006) Enrichment, But Not Cage Type Alters Behaviour In The Water Maze And The Open Field. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Sixteenth Annual Meeting, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. June 22.

Fior, M., Penner, M., Baldwin, C., Donnelly, M., Patey, A., Saari, M. (2005) Foot shock administered under anesthetic and anxiety in an elevated plus maze. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Fifteenth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec. July 14.

Black, M., Penner, M., Patey, A., Saari, M. (2005) A novel method of maternal separation alters pup behaviour in the elevated plus maze and in the open field. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Fifteenth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec. July 14.

Stickland, T.E., Dalzell, L., Penner, M. & Saari, M.J. (2004). Fear Conditioning under Isoflurane Anesthesia: No Effect of Housing Manipulation. Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Fourteenth Annual Meeting, St. John’s, Newfoundland. June 14.

Stickland, T. E., Black, M., Connor, S., Rocher, A. L., Sullivan, T. & Saari, M. (2003).  Does isolated housing increase rat brain sensitivity to environmental stimulation.  Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Thirteenth Annual Meeting, Hamilton, ON. June 14.

Simon, A., Stickland, T. E., Wodlinger, J. & Saari, M. (2003).  Hippocampal NGF ameliorates spatial learning deficit following isolated housing.  Canadian Society for Brain Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Thirteenth Annual Meeting, Hamilton, ON. June 14.

Longlade, C., Sullivan, T., Sweeney, M., Lappi, D. & Saari, M. (2002). Somatostatin Saporin (S.S.), Facial “Scratching” And Dopamine. Canadian Society For Brain Behaviour, And Cognitive Science, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C. May 30.

Sauro, K., Sweeney, M., McCrorie, J., Stickland, T. & Saari, M. (2002). Housing Method Influences Exposure Effects on Acetylcholinesterase. Canadian Society For Brain Behaviour, And Cognitive Science, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C. May 30.

Wakeford, T., Simon, A. & Saari, M. (2002). Neonatal Handling. Enriched Housing And Exploratory Behaviour. Canadian Society For Brain Behaviour, And Cognitive Science, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C. May 30.

Stickland, T., Lappi, D. & Saari, M. (2002). Somatostatin Saporin (S.S.)Alters Housing Effects on Acetylcholinesterase. Canadian Society For Brain Behaviour, And Cognitive Science, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C. May 30.

Williams, P.T., Poulin, A., Nickerson, P., Lappi, D. & Saari, M.J. (2001). The Development Of Neural Somatostatin Destruction. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eleventh Annual Meeting, University Of Laval, 11, 80.

Sweeney, M., Sauro, K. & Saari, M. (2001). The Effect Of Dual Lesions Of The Reticular Thalamic Nucleus And Nucleus Basalis And Housing On Metabolic Brain Activity. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eleventh Annual Meeting, University Of Laval, 11, 81.

Nickerson, P., Poulin, A., Williams, P.T., Saari, M.J. & Lappi, D. (2001). Immunohistochemical Analysis Of Lesion Development Following Intracerebroventricular Infusion Of Somatostatin-Saporin In Adolescent Rats. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eleventh Annual Meeting, University Of Laval, 11, 81.

Poulin, A., Nickerson, P., Williams, P.T., Saari, M.J. & Lappi, D. (2001). Regional Distribution Of Somatostatin In The Rat Brain Following Intracerebroventricular Infusion Of A Somatotostatin-Saporin Immunolesioning Conjugate In Neonatal Wistar Rats. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eleventh Annual Meeting, University Of Laval, 11, 81.

Westhead, C., Paradis, C., Hodgins, M., Williams, P., Smith, S., & Saari, M.J. (1999). Neonatal capsaicin administration modulates consequences of enriched housing. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Ninth Annual Meeting, University of Alberta, June 18 & 19.

Campbell, M.E., Grattan, K., Rees, S., Quinn, J., & Saari, M. (1998). Anandamide: Behaviour and brain metabolism during the postnatal period. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eight Annual Meeting, CarletonUniversity, 8, 51.

Grattan, K., Campbell, M.E., Rees, S., Quinn, J., & Saari, M. (1998). Spatial versus reference memory in enriched/isolated rats: An introduction to the SPOT. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eight Annual Meeting, CarletonUniversity, 8, 37.

Quinn, J., Rees, S., Campbell, M.E., Grattan, K., & Saari, M. (1998). Behavioural effects of piracetam on rats with monosodium glutamate deficits. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eight Annual Meeting, CarletonUniversity, 8, 54.

Rees, S., Quinn, J., Grattan, K., Campbell, M.E., & Saari, M. (1998). The effects of chronic estrogen administration and environmental manipulation in male rats. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Eight Annual Meeting, CarletonUniversity, 8, 86.

Campbell, M.E., Grattan, K. E., Westhead, C. and Matti J. Saari. (1997) Evidence for Nonlinear Development of the Brain From Cytochrome Oxidase Staining. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Seventh Annual Meeting, University of Manitoba, June 20 & 21, 1997

Chadbourn, J., Rees, S., Paradis, C.  and M. Saari. (1997). Behavioural Effects Of Early Maternal Deprivation On Mature Rats. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Seventh Annual Meeting, University of Manitoba, June 20 & 21, 1997.

Campbell, M.E., Quinn, J. E. , Kleim, J. A.  and Matti J. Saari. (1997).  Enrichment Decreases Cell Density In The Molecular Layer Of The Cerebellar Cortex As Measured By Nissl Stain Densitometry. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Seventh Annual Meeting, University of Manitoba, June 20 & 21, 1997

Campbell, M.E., Rees, S. Grattan, K. and Matti J. Saari. (1997). Nootropic (PIRACETAM) Administration Alters Housing Mediated Behavioural Plasticity. Canadian Society for Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Science, Seventh Annual Meeting, University of Manitoba, June 20 & 21, 1997.

Frankham, P., McClenaghan, G., Telford, R., Fairey, B., Milburn, B., & Saari, M. (1994). NMDA blockade does not alter behavioural changes associated with enriched housing. Canadian Society for Brain,  Behaviour and Cognitive Science 4th. Annual Meeting Abstracts, 24.

Benevides, T., Weeks, A., Frankham, P., Milburn, B., Fairey, B., & Saari, M. (1994). Neonatal administration of monosodium glutamate and aspartame does not cause significant behavioural deficits. Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science 4th. Annual Meeting Abstracts, 24.

Parks, J., Telford, R., Bambrick, T., Benevides, T., & Saari, M. (1994). MK801 is an effective neuroprotective agent against monosodium glutamate (MSG) induced damage in the neonatal rat. Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science 4th. Annual Meeting Abstracts, 25.

Weeks, A., Milburn, B., Benevides, T., & Saari, M. (1994). MK-801 toxicity varies with environmental temperature in the neonatal rat. Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science 4th. Annual Meeting Abstracts, 25.

Kleim, J., Saari, M., Disyak, A., Fairey, B., Letcher, S. & McClenaghan, G.(1992).  Systemic neonatal N-Methyl-D-Aspartate treatment causes behavioural deficits in the adult rat. Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science, 2nd Annual Meeting, Quebec City, Quebec.

McKerrow, M.T., Kleim, J., Bowen, E., Ridley, L., Letcher, S., & Saari, M.J.(1992). Early versus late neonatal NMDA receptor blockade: a window of vulnerability?  Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science, 2nd Annual Meeting, Quebec City, Quebec.

Letcher, S., McKerrow, M., Bowen, E., Ridley, L., McIsaac, M., McClenaghan, G., Kleim, J. & Saari, M.  (1992). An enriched housing environment masks water maze learning deficit associated with neonatal serotonin depletion. Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science, 2nd Annual Meeting, Quebec City, Quebec.

Saari, M., Fisher, K., Kleim, J., Bowen, E., McIsaac, M., McKerrow, M., Turner, R. (1991) Monosodium glutamate (MSG) injections and ontogeny of activity. Canadian Society For Brain, Behaviour And Cognitive Science, First Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Ontario.

Kleim, J., Saari, M., Fisher, K., Bowen, E., and Turner, R. (1991). NMDA and MSG induced neural damage: MK-801 as a neuroprotective agent. Canadian Society For Brain, Behaviour And Cognitive Science, First Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Ontario.

Turner, R., Fisher, K., Pineault, G., Kleim, J. & Saari, M. (1990). “Enriched” housing does not mask indicators of hormonal dysfunction following perinatal monosodium glutamate. Canadian Psychology, 31(2), 199.

Pineault, G., Kish, S., Fisher, K., & Saari, M. (1990). Monosodium glutamate and “enrichment”: Effects on open field behaviour, organ weights and neurotransmitters. Canadian Psychology, 31(2), 200.

Fisher, K., Pineault, G., Turner, R., Kleim, J., & Saari, M. (1990). Handling and “enriched” housing mask monosodium glutamate induced behavioural deficits. Canadian Psychology, 31(2), 200.

Fraboni, M.F., Saltstone, R.P. & Saari, M.J. Entrepreneurs from Northern and Southern Ontario: Personality and gender  characteristics, Canadian Psychology, 30(2), 262, 1989.

Saari, M.J., & Mains, D. Tryptophan alters emotional state of normal student volunteers. Canadian Psychology, 30(2), 327, 1989.

Fisher, K.N. & Saari, M.J. Monosodium Glutamate toxicity is masked by “enriched” rearing environment. Canadian Psychology, 30(2), 322, 1989.

Saari, M.J., Murtha, S., Long, M. & Rupar, C.A. (1986) Plasma tryptophan and anxiety: Behavioural correlates of C.N.S. Serotonin? Canadian Psychology, Vol 27(2a), 519.

Saari, M.J., Murtha, S.J., Pappas, B.A. & Stange, K. Social rearing effects are not mediated by central norepinephrine. Canadian Psychology, Vol 26(2a), 462, 1985.

Reynolds, A., Zigler, L. & Saari, M.J. Overgeneralization of French spelling rules by children in immersion schooling. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Halifax, N.S., 1985.

Pappas, B.A., Peters, D.A.V., Sobrian, S. & Saari M.J. Neonatal 6- hydroxysympathectomy in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive  rats. Proc. Can. Fed. Biol. Soc., Vol. 16, pg. 64, 1973

REGIONAL CONFERENCES (Published as Indicated):

Nussey, C., Csuzdi, N., Stillar, B., Stillar, A., Weeks, A., and Saari, M. (2012) Housing    environment, behaviour, and the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. 1st Annual North Bay Regional Health Centre Research Conference, North Bay, ON.

MacIntosh, S., Stillar, A., Csuzdi, N., Bloomfield, J., & Saari, M. Sensitivity to isoflurane anaesthesia in ten day old rats: A paradoxical effect which can be pharmacologically manipulated. Nipissing University’s First Annual Undergraduate Research Conference, March 2008, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON

MacIntosh, S., Langan, C., Csuzdi, N., & Saari, M. Prototype of a rodent activity recording device. Nipissing University’s First Annual Undergraduate Research Conference, March 2008, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON

Csuzdi, N., Stillar, A., Laronde, A., MacIntosh, S., & Saari, M. Different types of enrichment do not alter social behaviour uniformly.  Nipissing University’s First Annual Undergraduate Research Conference,March 2008, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON

Langan, C., Stillar, A., Csuzdi, N., MacIntosh, S.  & Saari, M. Effect of Enrichment on Paradoxical Post Natal Day 10 Peak in Rat Pups under Isoflurane. Nipissing University’s First Annual Undergraduate Research Conference, March 2008, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON

Kimball, S., Bloomfield, J., Stillar, A., Langan, C., Csuzdi, N. & Saari, M. Taste aversion under isoflurane anesthesia. Nipissing University’s First Annual Undergraduate Research Conference, March 2008, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON

Bloomfield, J., Luckett, K., Edwards, J.A., Thomas, W., Leboutiller, J., Saari, M. & Weeks, A. Synaptic ultrastructural pslasticity in the medial preoptic area following onset of maternal behaviour. Nipissing University’s First Annual Undergraduate Research Conference, March 2008, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON

Gauthier, R.J., Williams, P.T. & Saari, M.J. (2001). The Effects Of Housing On Latent Learning. . The 31st Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Kingston, Ontario.

Poulin, A., Nickerson, P., Williams, P.T., Saari, M.J. & Lappi, D. (2001). Behavioural And Neural Effects Of Intracranial Somatotostatin-Saporin And Housing Environment In Neonatal Wistar Rats. The 31st Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Kingston, Ontario.

Sauro, K., Sweeney, M. & Saari, M. (2001). The Effect Of Dual Lesions Of The Reticular Thalamic Nucleus And Nucleus Basalis Magnocellularis On Housing Mediated Changes In Latent Learning. The 31st Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Kingston, Ontario.

Nickerson, P., Poulin, A., Williams, P.T., Saari, M.J. & Lappi, D. (2001). Regional Distribution of SSt2a and SSt5 Receptors, As Well As Somatostatin In The Rat Brain Following Intracerebroventricular Infusion Of A Somatostatin-Saporin Immunolesioning Conjugate. The 31st Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Kingston, Ontario.

Kleim, J., Saari, M., Kish, S.B., Fairey, B., Disyak, A., Letcher, S. & McClenaghan, G. (1992). Systemic neonatal N-Methyl-D-Aspartate treatment causes behavioural deficits in the adult rat. The 22nd Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Ottawa, Ontario.

McKerrow, M.T., Kleim, J., Bowen, E., Ridley, L., Letcher, S., & Saari, M.J.(1992). Early versus late neonatal NMDA receptor blockade: a window of vulnerability?  The 22nd Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Ottawa, Ontario.

Letcher, S., McKerrow, M., Bowen, E., Ridley, L., McIsaac, M., McClenaghan, G., Kleim, J. & Saari, M.  (1992). An enriched housing environment masks water maze learning deficit associated with neonatal serotonin depletion. The 22nd Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology Thesis Conference, Ottawa, Ontario.

Kleim, J., Bouchard, E., Saari, M., Chappell, C., Fisher, K., and Swanson, L. (1991). Enriched vs  impoverished housing: The effect of NMDA receptor Blockade on spatial learning and organ weights in the rat. The 21st Annual Ontario Undergraduate Psychology  Thesis Conference, Abstracts, 31, Sault St.Marie, Ontario.

Fisher, K., Bowen, E., Chappell, C., Turner, R., Kleim, J., and Saari, M.(1991). Housing environment, neonatal norepinephrine (Ne) depletion and monosodium glutamate (MSG) toxicity. The 21 st Annual Undergraduate Psychology Thesis Conference Abstracts, 21, Sault St. Marie, Ontario.

Kleim, J., Turner, R., McKerrow, M., Bouchard, E., Foster, S., & Saari, M.(1990). An animal model of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS): development of various organ systems. 1990 Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario.

McKerrow, M., Fisher, K., Pineault, G., Turner, R., Kleim, J. & Saari, M. (1990). The surface righting reflex as an indicator of a “window of vulnerability” to neonatally administered M.S.G. 1990 Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario.

Fisher, K., Turner, R., Pineault, G., Kleim, J. & Saari, M. (1990). Recovery of behavioural function following neonatal M.S.G. treatment is hampered by “isolated” and “social” housing. 1990 Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario.

Patterson, P., & Saari, M. (1990) Demonstration of the rodent activity tracking system. 1990 Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario.

Fisher, K., Kleim, J., Lloyd, R. & Saari, M.  Monosodium glutamate toxicity is masked by “enriched” rearing environment. Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, 1989.

Kleim, J., Lloyd, R., Fisher, K. & Saari, M. Behavioural sparing following neonatal monosodium glutamate injections is influenced by pre-weaning handling. Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, 1989.

Buchwald, B., Fisher, K., Kleim, J. & Saari, M. Neurobehavioural plasticity and neonatal norepinephrine depletion: Handling method is important! Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, 1989.

Fong, S., Armstrong, J., Shivji, A., & Saari, M. Rearing environment modifies the neurotoxic effects of neonatally  injected monosodium glutamate. Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario, 1988.

Mains D., & Saari, M.  Tryptophan (Tryptan) ingestion influences mood. Northeastern Ontario Psychology Conference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario, 1988.

Reed T., Barryman C., Norman C., McGuinty E., Armstrong J., Shivji A. & Saari, M. Development of enrichment induced behaviour in normal and neonatally norepinephrine depleted rats. Northeastern Ontario psychologyConference, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario, 1988.

Saari M.J., Nobrega J., Chambers J. & Coscina D. Neonatal depletion of forebrain norepinephrine reduces the benefits of early environmental stimulation on spatial learning. Research Day 1987: Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, Vol 13, pg 72, 1987.

Armstrong, J., Saari, M., Haskins, D., Murtha, S.J. & Pappas, B.A. The neural plasticity hypothesis revisited: Environmental rearing, social behaviour and norepinephrine. Northern Ontario Psychology Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1986.

Saari, M., Walsh, S. & Stange, K. Microcomputer administration of personality tests: Some unexpected bonuses. Northern Ontario Psychology Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1986.

Saari, M.J., Murtha, S., Pappas, B.A. & Stange, K. Catecholamines and neural plasticity Northern Ontario Psychology Conference, Sudbury, Ontario 1985.

Saari, M.J. & Whiting, C.W. Stress and relaxation. Northeastern Ontario Fitness Conference North Bay, Ontario, 1985.

Reynolds, A.G., Zigler, L., & Saari, M.J. Overgeneralization of French spelling rules by anglophone children in Immersion schooling. Fifth Annual Northern Psychology Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1984.

Roadhouse, S., Saari, M., Pappas, B. & Roadhouse, D. Behavioural and biochemical correlates of hatchery rearing methods on lake trout. Fifth Annual Northern Psychology Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1984.

Saari, M, Roadhouse, S. & Pappas, B.  Intracerebral injections of 6-hydroxydopamine in lake trout: an exploratory study. Fifth Annual Northern Psychology Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1984.

Saari, M., Murtha, S., O’Shea, L., Stange, K. & Pappas, B. Norepinephrine and neuronal plasticity: Replication and further exploration of the phenomenon. Fifth Annual Northern Psychology Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1984.

Saari, M.J. & Whiting, C.M. Stress: A matter of perspective. Northeastern Ontario Fitness Conference, North Bay, Ontario, 1984.

Saari, M.J. & Vaillancourt, H. Muscle relaxation therapy in the special education classroom: Improvements in classroom behaviour. Proc. of the Nipissing Psychol. Conf., Vol 3, pg. 24-31, 1982.

Saari, M.J., Pappas, B.A., Ings, R., Pusztay, W., Gunter, E. & Stange, K. Neonatal injections of Diazepam and 6-hydroxydopamine: Effects on motor co-ordination and catecholamines. Proc. of the Laurentian Psychol. Conf., Vol 2, pg. 77-89, 1982.

Saari, M.J. & Moffat, L. Endorphins, Pain threshold alterations and prolonged exercise: Failure to replicate. Proc. of the Laurentian Psychol. Conf., Vol 2, pg. 46-52, 1982.

Saari, M.J., Pappas, B.A., Ings, R., Pusztay, W., & Stange, K. Neonatal injections of 6-hydroxydopamine: Regional effects on brain development. Proceedings of the Nipissing Psychology Conference, Vol 1, pg. 87-97, 1981.

Pappas, B.A., Saari, M.J., Peters, D.A.V., Blouin, A. & Kelen, G. Pavlovian conditioning of brain serotonin levels? Eastern Psychological Association, New York, N.Y., 1975.

Edited Books

Saari, M.J. (ed) Issues For The 80’s: Proceedings of the Nipissing Psychology Conference, 1981, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario. (97 pages)

Saari, M.J. (ed) Proceedings of the Laurentian University Psychology Conference, 1982, NipissingUniversity, North Bay, Ontario. (89 pages)

Saari, M.J. (ed) Psychology in the North: Proceedings of the 1983 Nipissing University Psychology Conference, 1983, Nipissing University, North Bay, Ontario. (78 p

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